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 Pregnant state  



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Author3 Posts
  #1

What are the main changes that occur in the pregnant state?




  #2

the maternal hypothalamic-pituitary axis is suppressed due to high circulating levels of sex hormones. This leads to reduced gonadotrophin levels, and, thus, ovulation does not occur.

hyperventilation leads to decreased arterial carbon dioxide levels.

Increased water retention leads to decreased hematocrit.

plasma vol and rbc mass increase but inc in plasma vol is more as compared to inc in rbc mass...

Maternal use of glucose declines and, as a result, gluconeogenesis increases.

Plasma cortisol levels increase as the result of progesterone-mediated displacement from transcortin and its subsequent binding to globulin.


  #3

"mash" wrote:
the maternal hypothalamic-pituitary axis is suppressed due to high circulating levels of sex hormones. This leads to reduced gonadotrophin levels, and, thus, ovulation does not occur.

hyperventilation leads to decreased arterial carbon dioxide levels.

Increased water retention leads to decreased hematocrit.

plasma vol and rbc mass increase but inc in plasma vol is more as compared to inc in rbc mass...

Maternal use of glucose declines and, as a result, gluconeogenesis increases.

Plasma cortisol levels increase as the result of progesterone-mediated displacement from transcortin and its subsequent binding to globulin.






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