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Author20 Posts
  #1

This topic is only for posting Mnemonics for Pediatrics.
Regards!




  #2

Count using your 5 fingers for the 5 T's:

1 finger : Truncus Arteriosus (1 vessel)

2 fingers : Transposition of the Great Arteries (2 vessels transposed)

3 fingers : Tricuspid Atresia (3=Tri)

4 fingers : Tetralogy of Fallot (4=Tetra)

5 fingers : Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Return (5=5 words)


  #3

Great Thanks


  #4

RIGHT to LEFT shunts
5 Ts
-Teratology
-Transposition
-Truncus arteriosus
-Tricuspid atresia
-Total anomolous pulmonary venous return.


  #5

TERATOLOGY OF FALLOT.
PROVe
-Pulmonary Stenosis
-RVH
-Overriding aorta
-VSD


  #6

LEFT TO RIGHT SHUNTS
3 Ds
-VSD
-ASD
-PDA


  #7

DiGeorge syndrome..
CATCH-22
-congenital heart disease
-Abnormal facies
-Thymic aplasia
-Cleft palate
-Hypocalcemia
-22q deletion


  #8

for di george syndrom everything is 2 'di'

chromosom 22

2 organs -thymus and parathyroid

2 abnormalities -aplasia or hypoplasia

2 pouches -3 & 4

bifid uvula

2 facies -falt face like alcohol & fish like mouth-2 f's

2 systems involved -cVS(ASD, VSD), ESOPHAGEAL ATRESIA

2 infections -viral &viral

2 ig -IgA ,IgE

DIAGNOSIS BY 2 H/P &PCR

Rx 2

- thymic transplant and bone marrow transplant



  #9

KAWASAKI DISEASE DIAGNOSTIC CRITERIA

Kawasaki is also called Muco Cutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome or MCLNS

Diagnostic criteria are
  • Fever for > 5 days


+ at least 4 of the following 5 criteria

MCLNS

  • M = Mucous membrane changes: injected pharynx, strwberry tongue, injected dry cracked lips
  • C = Conjunctivitis: non purulent and bilateral (D/D w scarlet fever)
  • L = Limb changes: edema, erythema and periungueal desquamation
  • N = Nodes enlargement in the Neck: usulally > 1.5 cm in diameter
  • S = Scarlattiniform rash




  #10

Hi All,
Does any one has mnemonic for Pediatric development milestones?
Its hard to memorize it all.
Thanks.
~Sam.


  #11

any for metabolic syndromes


  #12

VACTERL Association
• Nonrandom association of
V = Vertebral defects
A = Anal atresia (imperforate anus)
C = Cardiac defects (VSD and others)
T = TE fistula
E = Esophageal atresia
R = Renal defects
L = Limb defects (radial)


  #13

CHARGE Association
• Nonrandom association of
C = Coloboma (from isolated iris to anophthalmos; retinal most common)
H = Heart defects (TOF, PDA, and others)
A = Atresia choanae
R = Retardation of growth and/or development
G = Genital hypoplasia (in males)
E = Ear anomalies and/or deafness


  #14

BIG-M

Barium enema for Dx/Rx of Intususseption
Gastrograffin enema for Dx/Rx of Meconium ileus.


  #15

virgola82 wrote:
KAWASAKI DISEASE DIAGNOSTIC CRITERIA

Kawasaki is also called Muco Cutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome or MCLNS

Diagnostic criteria are

  • Fever for > 5 days



+ at least 4 of the following 5 criteria

MCLNS


  • M = Mucous membrane changes: injected pharynx, strwberry tongue, injected dry cracked lips
  • C = Conjunctivitis: non purulent and bilateral (D/D w scarlet fever)
  • L = Limb changes: edema, erythema and periungueal desquamation
  • N = Nodes enlargement in the Neck: usulally > 1.5 cm in diameter
  • S = Scarlattiniform rash





Nice one!!


  #16

i like the one from f.a with crash and burn because it gives important to the fever > 5 days , this is the only thing that helps me differentiate kawasaki from scarlet fever ( besides the hand / palms involvement which they dnt have to give u )


Vaccination: DontBE DR.HIPP who FLU MVA, DIMVit Hit My Teen
DontBe: (Birth) Hep B.. 0 2 6 (3 dose)
DR.HIPP: (2,4,6 ) DTP Rota H.Influenza PCV ( 2encapsulated 2gether) Polio
In addition DTP also 15-18, 4-6yo Encapsulated 12-15 and Polio 4-6
DTP is only one with 5 dose rest are all 4 dose. Hep B and rota only 3
FLU: influenza vaccine at 1yr
MVA: 12-15 first time MMR Varicella Hep A ( Hep A needs booster after 6mo)
DIMVit: 4-6yo DTP InactivePolio MMR VAricella ( MV ; same order as top)
Hit My Teen: 12yo HPV, MVC, TDAP

Since we are talking about vaccine..
PCV Heptavalent + --> T Cells
PPV Polysachride no protein no stimulation of T CElls
Also H.Influenza: i like to imagine H=Half so give at 50 unless chronic disease then give early.. Also alcoholism is a chronic dz/comorbid condition whatever u wanna call it.
Pneumococcal is the other one given at 65. Every 5 years




  #17

Developmental milestone can be hard, especially if u dnt have kids sad


Gross Motor
2 lifts head
4 front to back 5 back to front ( just think back to front is more muscle)
6 imagine the "6" as baby sitting
9 number "9" doesnt have good base so crawls
11 "11" has 2 good base so baby is able to stand/cruise/walk
12 now good base plus 2 legs can walk for sure (alone)
15 "5" is mirror image of "2" so baby can walk backwards
2yr u need to use both legs to go up/down stairs
3 "TRI-cycle"
4 HOPS 4 letters

Fine Motor
"9ince12" = PINCER Before pincer comes raking which is more immature
9 mo = non specific ( 3 finger) also nonspecific mom and dad
12 mo = specific (2 fingers) also specific mom and dad
15 mo = 2block
18 = 3blocks
2yr = 6 blocks
Also playstation controler 0 --> X --> Square --> triangle 3 4 5 6 yrs

Language/social
2 coos and smiles because recognizes parents.
4 coos and laughs
6 babbles and anxiety, because recognizes strangers
1 yr alone so plays ALONE/ follow ONE step command, One word besides mom dad
2 yrs now 2 so PARALELL play, follows TWO step command, 2 word PHRASES
3 4 5 6 number of sentences with years
Bowel control at 4 Pee control at 5

Birthweight x 2 every 6mo/ 1 yr Then x2 the next year = so x4 by 2yrs
Lenght doubles every 4 yrs so x4 by puberty

Reflex
Palmar is first to come ( US baby always has his palm close)
Rooting is first to go
Parachute always stays


Edited by alirizvi on Aug 12, 2010 - 1:36 PM

  #18

Dr.Ammar Mnemonic !!!

Connective Tissue Disorders (TD) are auTosomal Dominant (TD) :-


1. Marfan's Syndrome.

2. Ehlers- Danlos SYndrome.

3. Osteogenesis Imperfecta.


  #19

hey everybody is there any mnemonic for genetic disorders .... hard to remember ...



  #20

Ya I knwo sulaiman..I am looking for genetic mnemonics too!

Robbins Sequence: Think of a Robin (bird) they dont have mandibles! (mandibular hypoplasia)

William Syndrome: Willam the Elf (elfian features), hes very friendly, yet he has a problem with is heart (aortic stensis) and kidneys (renal A stenosis)...

Thats all that I came up with grin dunno if it helps!





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