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 Operant conditioning  

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While the professor was giving the lecture in front of the room, the students were talking loudly to each other, so the professor stopped lecturing. then the students stopped talking. After that the professor continued his lecture and the students were still quiet. The student's behavior can be classified as
D.Positive reinforcement
E.Negative reinforcement


The correct answer is

G-Prudence based on Learning

If anything from the choices then it's E-Negative reinforcement; as the students fearing a punishment remained silent. The lack of noise was also a reinforcer for the teacher's lecture so he continued talking.

I don't like when a complex phenomenon like this is made a knee-jerk. It's too reductionistic. I agree that the students' behavior changed on the outcome (teacher remaining silent); but this is not a reflex or a conditioning. The students feared the punishment possibly because they have been trained into remaning silent throuhg a long process of learning and shaping that possibly took half of their childhood years.


the stimulus on the students was the proffessor going mute.
the stimuli lead to a new response in student so it has to be operant conditioning

now when the new response appeared and lasted even after the stimulus was removed it has to be negative reinforcement.


A. Extinction

the stimulus (teacher's lecture) was removed and the behavior (students talking) stopped.

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